Treaty of Greenville
The Treaty of Greenville was signed in 1795 after an American Indian force led by Blue Jacket of the Shawnee was defeated at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. In January 1795, representatives from the various tribes met with Wayne at Fort Greene Ville. The Americans and American Indians spent the next eight months negotiating the treaty that became known as the Treaty of Greenville. Leaders of the Wyandot, Delaware, Shawnee, Ottawa, Miami, Eel River, Wea, Chippewa, Potawatomi, Kickapoo, Piankashaw, and Kaskaskia American Indians signed the treaty. They agreed to relinquish all claims to land south and east of a boundary that began roughly at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River. It ran southward to Fort Laurens and then turned westward to Fort Loramie and Fort Recovery. It then turned southward to the Ohio River. The American Indians, however, could still hunt on the land that they ceded. The Americans agreed to relinquish their claims to land north and west of the line, although the American Indians permitted the Americans to establish several trading posts in their territory. The United States also provided the American Indians with $20,000 worth of goods for signing the treaty and agreed to give them $9,500 every year in goods to divide as they see fit. Many American Indians refused to honor the agreement. White settlers continued to move onto the contested land and violence continued between these two peoples. Courtesy of the National Archives Microfilm Publication M668.
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